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Todorov's Biography & Bibliography



Tzvetan Todorov

Tzvetan Todorov (Bulgaria, 1939) comes from the Russian formalist tradition and has contributed to the development of literary structuralism. He has examined the notion of the symbol and redefined the fundamental concepts of semiotics, a field which he says derives from "symbolics", he says.

Todorov's two major works on semiotics are Theories of the Symbol (1982) [1977] and Symbolism and Interpretation (1982) [1978]. His theory defines the relationship between history, discourse and enunciation, and proposes a definition of the symbolism of language based on the distinction he makes between language and discourse. Todorov also defines the distinction between the sign and the symbol, which are based on a text's direct meaning and indirect content, respectively.

Todorov is currently a director of research at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS).

Selected Bibliography

In English

TODOROV, T., Theories of the Symbol, trans. Catherine Porter, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982 [1977].
TODOROV, T,, Symbolism and Interpretation, trans. Catherine Porter, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982 [1978].

In French

TODOROV, T. (dir.), Théorie de la littérature. Textes des formalistes russes, Paris: Seuil, 2001 [1966].
TODOROV, T., Littérature et signification, Paris: Larousse, 1967.
TODOROV, T., Introduction à la littérature fantastique, Paris: Seuil, 1970.
TODOROV, T., Poétique de la prose, Paris: Seuil, 1971.
TODOROV, T., Qu’est-ce que le structuralisme ? 2. Poétique, Paris: Seuil, 1973.
TODOROV, T., Théories du symbole, Paris: Seuil, 1977.
TODOROV, T., Symbolisme et Interprétation, Paris: Seuil, 1978.
TODOROV, T., Les genres du discours, Paris: Seuil, 1978.
TODOROV, T., Mikaïl Bakhtine. Le principe dialogique, followed by Écrits du Cercle de Bakhtine (translated from the Russian by Georges Philippenko, with the collaboration of Monique Canto), Paris: Seuil, 1981.
TODOROV, T., Critique de la critique : un roman d’apprentissage, Paris: Seuil, 1984.
TODOROV, T., Nous et les Autres, Paris: Seuil, 1989.
JAKOBSON, R., T. TODOROV (dir.), Questions de poétique, Paris: Seuil, 1973.
JAKOBSON, R., T. TODOROV (dir.) Huit questions de poétique, Paris: Seuil, 1977.
GENETTE, G., T. TODOROV (dir.), Littérature et réalité, Paris: Seuil, 1982.
DUCROT, O., T. TODOROV, Dictionnaire encyclopédique des sciences du langage, Paris: Seuil, 1972.
GENETTE, G., T. TODOROV (dir.), Sémantique de la poésie, Paris: Seuil, 1979.

Todorov's Theories

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